Adolfo Galducci, Orcagna

Museo dell'Ottocento
Height: 129 cm; Width: 129 cm; Thickness: 45 cm ca.;

Plaster model made in 1882-1887 by Adolfo Galducci, depicting Andrea Orcagna (Andrea di Cione, ca. 1310-1368) in half-length. This is the preparatory work for the marble relief seen in the portrait gallery of artists on the cymatium of the Cathedral facade. Orcagna was a painter, architect and sculptor active in Florence in the 14th century. Here, we see the artist in medieval clothing, with a smock, cloak and cap. In his hand he holds a hammer and a chisel, illustrating his profession. Orcagna worked on the construction of the new Cathedral of Florence, but he was above all the author of the Altar of the Madonna in the Church of Orsanmichele, and of the fresco with the “otherworldly kingdoms” in Santa Maria Novella. For this reason, he is figured in the portrait gallery of great artists native to the city or otherwise linked with its history, contributing to the iconographic program of the façade. The program, developed by Emilio de Fabris together with the philosopher Augusto Conti, centres on the theme of Christ and Mary and aims to express "the greatness of Christianity in itself, and its harmonies with civilization, especially for the gentle inspirations that derive from Christian worship to the Mother of the Redeemer" and among these "Useful Arts, Sciences, Fine Arts". The celebration of the glories of the past was part of the Risorgimento (literally “rise again”) culture of the 19th century, in the times of liberation and reunification of the different states as the new Kingdom of Italy.

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Museo dell'Ottocento